Logical Deduction - Aptitude Questions and Answers - RejinpaulPlacement

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 Directions to Solve In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer: (A) If only conclusion I follows (B) If only conclusion II follows (C) If either I or II follows (D) If neither I nor II follows and (E) If both I and II follow.
26.
Statements:Some men are educated. Educated persons prefer small families.

Conclusions:
I. All small families are educated.
II.Some men prefer small families.
Answer: (B) Only conclusion II follows

Solution: Since one premise is particular, the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. Thus, only II follows.
27.

Conclusions:
I. Rahul is not educated.
II.Reading newspaper is not essential to be educated.
Answer: (A) Only conclusion I follows

Solution: Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative, the conclusion must be universal negative and should not contain the middle term. So, only I follows.
28.
Statements:All pens are chalks. All chairs are chalks.

Conclusions:
I. Some pens are chairs.
II.Some chalks are pens.
Answer: (B) Only conclusion II follows

Solution: Since the middle term 'chalks' is not distributed even once in the premises, no definite conclusion follows. However, II is the converse of the first premise and so it holds.
29.
Statements:Bureaucrats marry only intelligent girls. Tanya is very intelligent.

Conclusions:
I. Tanya will marry a bureaucrat.
II.Tanya will not marry a bureaucrat.
Answer: (C) Either I or II follows

Solution: The data does not mention whether all intelligent girls are married to bureaucrats. So, either I or II may follow.
30.
Statements:Some engineers are fools. Anand is an engineer.

Conclusions:
I. Some fools are engineers.
II.Anand is a fool.