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Essential Part - Aptitude Questions and Answers - RejinpaulPlacement

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Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word.

1.
lightning
Answer & Solution
Answer: (A) electricity

Solution: Lightning is produced from a discharge of electricity, so electricity is essential. Thunder and rain are not essential to the production of lightning (choices b and d). Brightness may be a byproduct of lightning, but it is not essential (choice c).
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2.
swimming
Answer & Solution
Answer: (C) water

Solution: Water is essential for swimming-without water, there is no swimming. The other choices are things that may or may not be present.
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3.
shoe
Answer & Solution
Answer: (A) sole

Solution: All shoes have a sole of some sort.Not all shoes are made of leather (choice b); nor do they all have laces (choice c).Walking (choice d) is not essential to a shoe.
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4.
election
Answer & Solution
Answer: (B) voter

Solution: An election does not exist without voters. The election of a president (choice a) is a byproduct. Not all elections are held in November (choice c), nor are they nationwide (choice d).
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5.
guitar
Answer & Solution
Answer: (D) strings

Solution: A guitar does not exist without strings, so strings are an essential part of a guitar. A band is not necessary to a guitar (choice a). Guitar playing can be learned without a teacher (choice b). Songs are byproducts of a guitar (choice c).
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